What is good for a sore throat?

The most well-known of these are Covid-19, Pharyngitis, Flu and a classic cold. Each of these diseases causes infection and irritation in the throat area.

A sore throat can be a symptom of many different diseases and can be common in most of our lives, especially during the winter seasons. 

What is a sore throat?

We mentioned in the introduction of our article that sore throat can be caused by many different causes and diseases. The most well-known of these are Covid-19, Pharyngitis, Flu and a classic cold. Each of these diseases causes infection and irritation in the throat area. The resulting difficulty in swallowing, itching and dryness also refers to a sore throat. 

Why does a sore throat occur?

Among the most common known causes of sore throat; Covid-19, chickenpox, flu, measles, colds, mononucleosis and strep a or similar bacterial infections, dryness due to sleeping with an open mouth or allergenic causes. Other known causes are;

Acidic and cold drinks that can irritate the throat,
HIV infection, 
It can be listed as injury. 
Types of Infections Causing Sore Throat
The main types of viral infections that cause sore throat are the following types

MONO (Mononucleosis and EBV)
CMV virus
Coronavirus (Covid-19)

Some of our readers may say that a sore throat is not a symptom of Covid-19. This is because it does not occur in every person who has or has had coronavirus. Although the symptoms of coronavirus are generally known, they can occur in different ways and with different severity in each patient. 

What are the symptoms of a sore throat?

The symptoms experienced by people with sore throat may vary depending on the condition that causes the sore throat. General symptoms can be listed as follows:

A sore throat and feeling as if it is constantly itching,
Increasing pain with progressive worsening of swallowing and normal speech,
Swollen and painful glands in the neck or jaw,
Tonsil swelling
White spots or inflammation on the tonsils that can also be seen by the eye,
Hoarse voice

We have already mentioned that a sore throat can also be caused by infections. These infections can also cause symptoms such as

High fever
Persistent cough
Runny nose
Persistent sneezing
Pain in different parts of the body
Intense headache
Nausea or vomiting

Such symptoms usually do not require special treatment and tend to go away in as little as 1 week. However, if you experience symptoms such as the following in addition to all the symptoms listed above, you should consult a specialist doctor:

Difficulty breathing and swallowing
Constant and severe sore throat
A higher-pitched voice when breathing

Who is more likely to have a sore throat?

Sore throat can be seen in everyone from children to adults. Continue reading our article to see our more detailed review.

Sore throat in children: Sore throat is a very common condition, especially in children and teenagers between the ages of 3 and 15. It is usually caused by infections and can be easily treated.

Smokers and passive smokers: Cigarette smoke can quickly irritate the throat, which is why both smokers and passive smokers who are exposed to cigarette smoke often get sore throats. 

Allergy sufferers: People with allergies, especially allergies such as allergic rhinitis, often suffer from sore throats. 

Exposure to chemicals: Chemicals used in cleaning work can cause sore throats by affecting the surrounding air and irritating the throat of those who breathe them. 

People with chronic or frequent sinus infections: Water flowing from the nose into the throat irritates the throat and causes the infection to spread. This can cause a sore throat. 
People with weak immune systems: People with weak immune systems can catch infections and viruses more easily. Our immune system weakens due to HIV, diabetes, cancer treatment, stress and fatigue. This makes us vulnerable to all viruses and infections. Sore throat is among the symptoms of these viruses and infections. 

How is a sore throat diagnosed?

Since sore throat is not an ailment in itself, there is definitely another underlying cause. Therefore, when you go to the doctor, your doctor first wants to find this underlying cause. The first examination to be done is to check the throat, nose and lymph nodes. In diseases such as Covid-19, cultures, i.e. samples, are taken from both the throat and nose of patients and tested. If your doctor suspects an allergy is the cause of your sore throat, he or she may perform skin tests or blood tests. 

How is a sore throat treated?

If the sore throat is caused by a viral outbreak, treatment is usually not needed and it usually goes away on its own within a week. Sore throat associated with the common cold can be easily treated with plenty of rest and fluids. 

If the sore throat is caused by a bacterial infection rather than a viral outbreak, you should definitely see a doctor. At this point, your doctor will definitely prescribe you an antibiotic. The sore throat may go away for a short time after you start taking antibiotics, but you must finish all the antibiotics prescribed by your doctor to prevent a recurrence. 

If there is no viral outbreak or bacterial infection, you will be treated according to your doctor's diagnosis. 

What is good for a sore throat?

Sore throats that are not caused by infection can be relieved with natural methods that can be applied at home. We have compiled these methods for you below:

Consuming herbal teas, especially chamomile, echinacea, linden, ginger, mint,
Keeping the throat constantly moist by consuming plenty of water,
Gargling with warm and salty water,
Drink warm water with lemon and honey,
Use throat lozenges,
Cleanse bacteria by consuming apple cider vinegar,
Reducing mucus formation in the throat by consuming fenugreek tea,
Chewing licorice root,
Drinking chicken broth soup with lots of garlic but no spices,
Take a steam or moisture bath,
Getting plenty of rest is among the natural methods that are good for sore throat.
Herbs Good for Sore Throat
As you know, there are many plants that cure almost every disease. Although there are medicines that cure our diseases quickly thanks to modern medicine, natural methods are still preferred by many people. Some herbs that are good for sore throat are as follows:

Ginger Root
Licorice Root
Mint Tea
Thyme Tea
Marshmallow Root

How to Prevent Sore Throat?

Since germs are the most common cause of sore throat, taking precautions against germs means taking precautions against sore throat. The best way to do this is to pay constant attention to personal hygiene. If you want to prevent a sore throat, you can follow our advice below:

Always wash your hands after using the sink, before eating, after eating, after you or someone around you sneezes or coughs. 
Keep your cleaning supplies and utensils just for you.
Always cover your mouth with a disposable tissue when you cough or sneeze. If you do not have a tissue with you at the time, cover your mouth with the inside of your elbow. 
If there is no water or soap in your environment, use an alcohol-based disinfectant or a high-grade cologne.
Pay attention to the cleanliness of items that are constantly touched and used, such as telephones and remote controls.
Try not to be in close contact with anyone who is sick and keep a distance of at least 1 meter between you. If you cannot, use a mask with high protection.

Frequently Asked Questions About Sore Throat

We have compiled general topics about sore throat in detail for you. In order not to leave any question marks in your mind, we tried to answer frequently asked questions about sore throat for you.

How long does a sore throat last?

A sore throat usually heals faster the stronger the immune system and slower the weaker the immune system. On average, a sore throat can go away on its own for up to 1 week. 

What causes a sore throat when swallowing?

Since irritation of the throat is a common cause of sore throat, a sore throat when swallowing is a natural and expected side effect. The most common side effect of tonsillitis, also known as tonsillitis, is a sore throat when swallowing. 

What causes a severe sore throat that does not go away?

It is common for infectious diseases of the tonsils to become chronic. This is especially common in patients who do not comply with the treatments given. When it becomes chronic, it is usually necessary to remove the tonsils. Another condition is known as pharyngitis. Pharyngitis is characterized by a persistently sore throat, which is usually cured after a week of heavy antibiotic treatment.

What causes sore throat and cough during pregnancy?

Sore throat and cough can also occur during pregnancy due to seasonal transitions or infection. If the pregnant woman suffers from allergies in general, both sore throat and cough can occur together, especially in early spring. In addition, although rare, some pregnant women may experience reflux due to persistent nausea. This can also cause cough and sore throat. 

What softens a sore throat?

Herbal teas that are not brewed too hot, gargling with salt water, drinking plenty of fluids, keeping the air in the room you are in humid and making sure that everything you eat and drink is neither cold nor hot can soften your sore throat. 

What is good for sore throat when swallowing?

Consuming ginger, green, thyme tea, gargling with salt water, warm soup, ventilating and humidifying the room where you sleep, especially while sleeping, can help your sore throat when swallowing. 

What causes sore throat and cough in children?

The causes of sore throat in children are generally very similar to those in adults, but children are much less likely to develop pharyngitis than adults. Tonsil disorders are much more common in childhood. Various viral infections and diseases cause recurrent or more severe sore throats in children. At this point, the support of a specialist physician should definitely be sought and treatment should be started with the appropriate treatment method.

What is good for sore throat in babies?

Only keeping the room constantly moist and paying attention to breast milk intake are good for sore throat in babies. 

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