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Periodontitis is a serious gum infection where the soft tissue surrounded the teeth is damaged and which destroys the bone that keeps your teeth in place. Together with destroying the bone, the gum no longer has the same ability to stick to your teeth roots and jaw. The build up of bacterial beneath the gum also causes gum pockets. Periodontitis can cause tooth loss and increase the risk of serious health issues such as heart attacks and strokes.

Periodontitis is a common illness that can often be prevented from developing as it develops from gingivitis if left untreated. Regular brushing and flossing as well as periodic teeth cleaning at your dentist’s will go a long way to preventing periodintis from developing.

Symptoms:

  • Swollen gums
  • Bright red or purplish gums
  • Sensitive gums that bleed when touched
  • Receding gums and longer looking teeth
  • Widening gaps between teeth
  • Pus emerging from between the teeth and below the gums
  • Bad breath
  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Feeling the teeth are misaligned while chewing

Risk Factors

  • These risk factors increase the risk of periodontitis are:
  • Gingivitis
  • Hereditary (In the aggressive form)
  • Bad breath
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Age
  • Immune illnesses such as leukaemia and AIDS
  • Poor diet
  • Hormonal changes (pregnancy, thyroid disorders, etc.)
  • Bad dental work

When Should I Go to The Dentist?

Healthy gums have tight consistency and are light pink. If your gums have a hollow puffiness, are dark red or bleed easily, or show the symptoms of periodontitis, you should immediately go to your dentist. The earlier you go, the less your teeth will be negatively affected by the destructive results caused by periodontitis, which has several types. The most commonly seen form is the chronic variant that affects the over 35s. In younger people, this type is known as aggressive periodontitis.

Complications

Some bad gum disease complications sometimes occur. Researchers claim that the bacteria that cause periodontitis can enter the blood stream, affecting other areas of the body. For example, they can reach the heart arteries, causing them to become inflamed and if untreated, heart attacks.

Results or Other Complications Caused by Periodontitis

  • Tooth loss
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Strokes
  • Underweight births
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Respitory problems

Periodontal Flap Operation

This procedure is performed to remove gum pockets and to repair any damaged bone caused by periodontitis. The periodontist will use a scalpel to separate the gums from the teeth and then lift or fold them back in the form of a flap. This gives the periodontist direct access to the roots and bone supporting the teeth. Inflamed tissue is removed from between the teeth and from any holes (defects) in the bone. The periodontist will then do a procedure called scaling and root planing to clean plaque and tartar. If you have bone defects, your periodontist may eliminate them with a procedure called osseous recontouring, which smoothes the edges of the bone using files or rotating burs.

After these procedures are completed, the gums will be placed back against the teeth and anchored in place using stitches.

Normally, half a jaw is treated during a single session. If the entire mouth needs this treatment a total of 4 sessions will be required. Each lasting 45-60 minutes.

Soft Tissue Grafts

Sometimes the gums require a transplant as a result of receding gums caused by periodontitis and some other anatomical reason Soft tissue grafts involve the removal of a thin slice of tissue from the palate (roof of the mouth) and placing it the treatment area. This both creates more pleasing aesthetic while also covering, and therefore protecting, exposed roots. This treatment also makes it easier to clean that area of the mouth with normal oral hygiene care practices.

Advanced periodontitis also causes the bone surrounding the roots to be destroyed. To treat this, grafts of around 0.5-1mm in size are used to fully or partially restore the bone. These grafts can either be synthetic or organic. The aim of this procedure is to ensure that the teeth can remain firmly fixed in place and don’t fall out. As the grafts are either the patients own bone or synthetic materials not rejected by the body, they create the perfect environment for the roots to remain firmly in place.

TREATMENT SUMMARY

WARNING: Everyone is unique. This means that the treatment length, planning and results may be different for yourself. The information you see here are is the resulting average from a large range of samples. You can contact us for more detailed information via 0549 791 99 01

Number of Sessions/Operations 3-4
Operation Length
Anaesthetic Local Anaesthetic
Discomfort Period 1 day
Return to work Immediate
Full Recovery 3 weeks
Permanence of Results Permanent
Length of Hospital Stay
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