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Lasers Used for Pigment Treatment

Today many congenital pigment problems or that develop later on in life care treated with lasers. These lasers include:

1.Q-Switch

  • KTP
  • Ruby
  • Alexandrite Nd-YAG lasers

2.Long Pulsed Intermittent

  • KTP
  • Ruby

In addition to these, some pigment problems can be reduced with IPL systems. Pigment problems can be divided into 2 main groups:

Congenital

  • Nevus of ITO
  • Café au Lait spots

Acquired

  • Acquired Bilateral Nevus
  • Hori’s Nevus
  • Sunspots
  • Melasma (Chloasma) (Mask of pregnancy)
  • Freckles
  • Excessive Post-Lesional Pigment (post-injury marks)

Marks, Sunspots and Lentigo Treatment

Sunspots (lentigo, lentigo senilis) are small, round or oval brown or flesh coloured blemishes. Sunspots appear in places exposed to the sun such as the face, the back of the hand, arms and shoulder). The number and size of sunspots increases in proportion to the amount of exposure to the sun over time.

Freckles

Freckles are small, brown spots that on parts of the body, such as the face, arms and chest, exposed to the sun. These act as a covering to protect pale people from sunlight. Those with freckles usually have a congenital disposition to freckling and their freckles usually become apparent in their early childhood.

Nevus (Moles)

There are 2 types of moles, known medically as nevus, congenital and acquired. Cells found in moles are called nevus cells and these cells release melanin which colours the skin. It’s for this reason that moles on the skin are brown whereas those deeper have a bluey-grey tone.

Lasers that are specific to removing pigment can be used to treat the above-mentioned problems.

However, these types of moles and lentigines have to be assessed by a dermatologist first. Dermatologists first use dermoscopies to distinguish moles from other marks and spots, determines whether the moles present any risk and the removes them using the appropriate type of laser.

Q-switch lasers are the most idea type of lasers to treat these type of skin problems and do so without causing any harm. The most commonly used Q-switch lasers are the KTP, Ruby and Nd-YAG options. While 1-2 sessions normally suffice for issues such as surface freckles and sunspots, several sessions may be required for deeper spots and blemeshes. Q-switch lasers, using the latest application methods, have been used to obtain very pleasing results for surface spots and blemishes known as melisma and which many women complain of. Following treatment, it is very important to avoid sunbathing or using solariums as sunspots and the like can reappear and have to be removed with laser treatment again.

Anaesthetic cream is applied to the area 30-45 minutes before the procedure in order to reduce the risk of pain. The procedure itself lasts between 3-20 minutes depending on the size of the treatment area. However, larger lesions may require even more time. It is necessary to protect the area from the sun for 1 month before and after the treatment, and it is for this reason this type of treatment is usually performed during the autumn and winter when the days are shorter. The use of aspirin and iron supplements should be ceased a week before the procedure.

Following the procedure, swelling, scabbing and localised bleeding may occur. These side effects generally disappear within 3-10 days.

TREATMENT SUMMARY

WARNING: Everyone is unique. This means that the treatment length, planning and results may be different for yourself. The information you see here are is the resulting average from a large range of samples. You can contact us for more detailed information via 0549 791 99 01

Number of Sessions/Operations 3-6
Operation Length 15 minutes
Anaesthetic None
Discomfort Period None
Return to work Immediate
Full Recovery After the second session
Permanence of Results 8 months -1 year
Length of Hospital Stay
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